House painting designs and colors interest everyone but our focus is usually on the shade or finish of wall paints. We rarely get into the details of its composition. However, if you really want to pick the right wall paint for your home, you must understand how one type of paint differs constitutionally from the other. Each type of paint comes with its own set of properties that determines its functionality. 

It is pertinent to point out that each type of wall paint can be further segregated on the basis of finishes like flat, eggshell and satin finish. However, house painting designs and colors have been grouped as per their composition here. 

House Painting Designs and Colors #1: Distemper
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Distemper paint is the most budget-friendly option for waiting your walls

If you are an 80s kid, then you probably use the terms distemper and paint interchangeably because it was the only type of paint available in the Indian market then. As a paint, distemper is historic because it has been used as far back as ancient Egypt. Despite being an old school paint option, distemper is hardly archaic. It has evolved with time, and it is now available in various types. 

Essentially, two types of distemper stand out: dry distemper (water-based paint) and oil-based distemper. Dry distemper is an ideal option for rental properties as it gives a smoother finish than normal whitewash but is not as durable as emulsion paints. Oil-based distemper is more durable than its water-based variant but reeks of solvent. It is more suitable for industrial use. 

Cost: ₹25 onwards (per litre)

Verdict: If you need house painting designs and colors for a rustic finish on budget, distemper is your best bet. It is also the most cost-effective way to get a coat paint on your walls. 

House Painting Designs and Colors #2: Emulsion
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Emulsion is the most popular variety of wall paints for interiors

Emulsion paint is the most widely used variety of paint for home interiors. It is essentially a water-based paint, so it does not have any problem of odours. Moreover, it is much more durable than distemper because it comprises acrylic or vinyl to make it long lasting. Another amazing feature of emulsion paint is that you can clean stains on walls (at least to a certain extent) with a wet cloth. Additionally, it is available in a number of finishes like satin, silk, eggshell and matte. 

Cost: ₹160 onwards (per litre)

Verdict: If you are moving into your own home or getting your home repainted, emulsion is the best type of house painting designs and colors for you. It is more expensive than distemper, but worth the money as it lasts longer and is more durable.

House Painting Designs and Colors #3: Lustre
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 Its shines and shimmers with the smoothest possible finish for your walls

Lustre paint is essentially solvent-based paint that has a characteristic sheen or gleam. Firstly, this type of paint is exceedingly durable because it’s solvent-based. But on the flip-side, it has a strong odour that might take weeks to subside. Another positive feature of this paint is that it is stain-resistant (to varying degrees depending on what variant of the paint you use). 

The only conceivable problem with these paints is their odour. However, to counter this problem, water-based lustre paints have been introduced by a number of paint brands that are both durable and also odourless. 

Cost: ₹400 onwards (per litre)

Verdict: If cost is not a constraint, lustre paints give the smoothest finish to the walls in your home. It makes sense for families with young children to use this paint because it’s stain-resistant. However, lustre paints are not exactly eco-friendly and do not give a natural look to your walls.

House Painting Designs and Colors #4: Enamel
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It makes the walls resistant to heat, water and stains

Enamel paint is marked by a hard, glossy and opaque finish that is a result of its chemical composition. This paint is usually used to coat metallic surfaces. However, it can also be used to paint walls that have to bear tough conditions. For example, kitchen walls can be painted with enamel paint because it is resistant to heat, water and stains. 

It also makes sense to paint balcony walls with this type of paint so that the color doesn’t fade with exposure to sunlight and rain. Bathroom doors that are exposed to water and dampness continually can also be painted with enamel. These paints were traditionally solvent-based. However, water-based variants are also available now. 

Cost: ₹70 onwards (per litre)

Verdict: Enamel paint is often an add-on option; it is rarely used as the only paint for walls. Moreover, it has a very specific purpose and is often chosen for its functionality instead of aesthetics. 

House Painting Designs and Colors #5: Textured
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When the walls are canvases, textured paints create art

Textured paints are quite a rage these days as they can turn a wall into a work of art. There is no need to add artwork as walls painted with textured paints become accent pieces by themselves. 

These paints are different from the normal/flat paints by virtue of their composition; they are denser and have more molecules of color. The texture on the wall can be achieved by using these paints with tools such as brushes, sponges, spatulas etc. Textured paints are usually water-based and last long if they are maintained properly. 

Cost: ₹600 onwards (per litre)

Verdict: Textured paints are useful in highlighting certain walls in the house. These paints can change the entire look and feel of your home when accentuated with the right kind of lighting. 

If you found this piece informative, also read 7 Ways To Pick Exterior Paint Colours for Your Home

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