If you’ve been working remotely for the past few months, you have definitely seen a spike in your energy bill. The question then arises, “Has our electricity bill increased while we spend more time at home?” Before we get into the specifics of how to save electricity, there are few basics you need to know.

According to a study conducted in 2014, an average household in urban India consumes a minimum of 90 units (kWh) of electricity per month. That includes four tube-lights, four ceiling fans, a television, a small refrigerator, and small kitchen appliances with typical usage hours and efficiency levels in India. Keep in mind the consumption has increased drastically over the years and during summer seasons. Now, the average units consumed by a household can go up to 200-300 units.

Furthermore, the average price of each unit is ₹3.05 but can go up to ₹10 per unit based on the state’s tariff slab. Here’s an online electricity bill calculator to help you figure out your electricity expense according to your state.

Since electricity consumption is a major part of one’s household expenses, it is important to know and understand how to conserve energy. 

Here are a few tried and tested ways on how to reduce your electricity bill:

#1: Bring down daily consumption with lights

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Continuous use of light bulbs for a long period of time can increase your electricity bill

Wondering how to make optimum use of natural light during the day to save electricity? Take a look at 7 Effective Ways to Soak Your Home in Sunlight.

Keeping bathroom and kitchen lights on when they’re not in use can increase consumption units. By using just one 50w tube light for 20 hours, you will have to add 1 unit to your total consumption.

What you need to do: So make sure to switch off all non-essential lights at night as well.

#2: Reduce the number of units when you have an AC

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AC’s efficiency is calculated by its rating

ACs are at their optimum energy consumption level at 26°C. For each degree that is set above 22°C, you will use 3 to 5% less energy. Additionally, you can set it at low cool or medium cool instead of high cool. Take a look at Top 5 Air Conditioners From Amazon to make an informed decision.

What you need to do: A great hack is to switch it off 30-60 minutes before you leave the room as the room remains cool after it has been switched off. Furthermore, remember that ceiling fans can circulate cool air. Therefore, take some of the burden off your air conditioning system by switching on your ceiling fans to increase energy efficiency. This is an effective tip on how to reduce your electricity bill.

#3: Make the most of a water heater

The thermostat can control the water temperature and reduce electricity consumption

A geyser or water heater can increase your unit consumption by the minute. Most geysers or water heaters use 4000w. Therefore, it is important to be frugal with the amount of time your geyser is left on.

What you need to do: Limiting the use of hot water during summer can bring down your total consumption of units. Water heaters are usually set to a much higher temperature than required. If your water heater has a thermostat, make sure to turn down the heat to turn down the units.

#4: Minimise energy consumption with laptops

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A laptop conserves more electricity compared to a desktop computer

Now that the majority of the population is at home, it is safe to say that the consumption has spiked up. Here’s how you can save electricity while working. If you have a desktop you are probably using more energy than a laptop. A typical desktop computer uses 65 to 250w. Whereas, a laptop uses 15 to 45w.

What you need to do: Make sure all your electronics are set to sleep mode when you are taking breaks because it uses 0 to 6w of electricity. Moreover, it’s important to know that a screensaver does not save any energy. Infact, some screensavers might consume more energy and burn out your laptop faster. Also make sure that laptop chargers are switched off once fully charged as the charger consumes 60w even if the laptop is fully charged.

#5: Make optimum use of a washing machine

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Take into account a washing machine’s electricity consumption before buying one

Using an energy efficient washing machine helps to save electricity and reduce the energy consumption of a household. Here’s how you can pick the right washing machine for your home.

What you need to do: Start off by switching off the washing machine from its plug point when it is not in use because appliances use electricity in stand-by mode. Using a washing machine to wash a full load of clothes or half will make no difference to the amount of electricity used. So, make sure to always wash a full load.

#6: Reduce usage during peak hours

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Avoid using non-essential appliances during peak hours

Yes! India’s peak electricity demand usually occurs in the morning and evening for a few hours. This means, you pay the highest amount per kWh at this time. Moreover, this happens due to the highest demand for electricity in 24 hours.

What you need to do: Avoid washing, ironing, using the AC, geysers or any other heavy appliance between 6-9 AM and 4-9 PM in the evening.

If you found this article helpful and are looking for alternative options, take a look at How To Get Solar Panels For Your Home In India

Check out lighting tips for your home:

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— editor@livspace.com