When it comes to types of flooring available in India, most homeowners commonly think of either marble or tiles. However, there are a number of flooring options out there. Some of them are common while others are lesser known. Each of these options have their own merits in terms of aesthetics, cost, durability and maintenance.

Here is a list of 12 of the most popular types of flooring:

Types of Flooring #1: Marble

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Marble provides an opulent look

Marble is a naturally occurring material that you can find in regions throughout India. Associated with luxury and opulence, marble is available in a variety of colours, including pink, grey and white, making it one of the more popular flooring types for homes.

The material is highly porous and fairly easy to maintain, sometimes lasting more than 25 years. These factors make it the best flooring for house interiors. However, some low-quality stones tend to turn yellowish over the years. Because of its natural occurrence and limited availability compared to other types of flooring, this one is priced steeply and hence serves as a sort of ‘status symbol’ for many Indian households.

Marble Flooring Price

Marble tiles are available in the market from ₹200 to ₹800 per sq. ft. depending on the kind of marble you want. You will also be charged anywhere between ₹150 to ₹250 per sq. ft. to get them laid. If you already have a marble floor and want to restore its look, then polishing it will cost you ₹60 to ₹100 per sq. ft.

Types of Floors #2: Vitrified Tile

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Vitrified tiles can simulate natural materials

Vitrified flooring tiles are one of the most popular types of flooring in India. This type of flooring is composed of a mixture of clay and other minerals like silica, quartz and feldspar baked at high temperatures. Generally coated with an external glaze, these tiles have a low water-absorption rate and are durable. They come in a large variety of designs, colours, prints and textures.

Vitrified tiles can also simulate natural materials such as wood, bamboo and even marble. One of the most affordable types of flooring available, it is suitable for both interior and exterior use. Vitrified tiles are available in glossy, matte and anti-skid finishes. Read all about the differences between marble and vitrified tiles here.

Vitrified Tile Price

Vitrified tiles are available at a price range of ₹40 to ₹150 per sq. ft., with grouting for ₹20 to ₹40 per area ft. Additionally, the labour cost to lay these tiles is ₹90 to ₹150 per sq. ft.

Types of Flooring in India #3: Vinyl

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Vinyl is an affordable option

Vinyl flooring is one of the most common types of flooring in India. It is yet another versatile option that is available for people who want stylish alternatives at an efficient cost. Available in designs that simulate hardwood and stone finishes, vinyl is one of the relatively inexpensive options to consider. Stain-resistant and water-resistant, this is one of the most durable types of flooring available.

While vinyl can be the best flooring for house interiors in India, it requires special care to protect the floor from scratches. People looking for a warm material that replicates the appearance of cold flooring materials like stone find vinyl to be the ideal choice. One drawback, however, is its susceptibility to discolouration when it comes into contact with rubber.

Vinyl Flooring Price

These tiles are available for ₹70 to ₹150 per sq. ft. and labour costs are around ₹50 per sq. ft.

Flooring Options #4: Hardwood

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Hardwood flooring is available in walnut and cherry hues

Amongst the different types of flooring is hardwood. A high-maintenance but popular flooring design option, hardwood flooring is available in strips, planks and parquet patterns. Hardwood flooring can be quite durable if you maintain it well. It is available in different natural shades like walnut and cherry, and can complement a variety of decor themes.

While hardwood flooring options are relatively expensive when compared to other alternatives, it’s still a popular choice in terms of aesthetics. Wear and tear can sometimes cause noises, creaks and squeaking in these types of flooring options.

Hardwood Flooring Price

Hardwood tiles come for ₹400 to ₹1,500 per sq. ft. (depending on the type of wood) and it costs ₹200 to ₹500 per sq. ft. to get them laid. If you want to sand and polish your old wooden floor, then it will cost you ₹80 to ₹250 per sq. ft.

Different Types of Flooring #5: Granite

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This flooring type is easy to maintain

When it comes to flooring types, granite is an elegant option. A naturally occurring stone available in a variety of colours in the Indian market, granite flooring can bring a note of sophistication to any setting. Due to its high stain-resistance and durability, this is one of those types of flooring that is fairly easy to maintain. You only need to protect it from scratches. The stone keeps cool for most parts of the year, making it amongst the best flooring for house in India.

Granite Flooring Price

You can get granite flooring for ₹150 to ₹400 per sq. ft. with additional labour cost of ₹120 to ₹200 sq. ft.

Types of Flooring #6: Bamboo

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Bamboo is suitable for moderately dry weather conditions

Bamboo is a naturally occurring material, and the types of floors made out of it resemble hardwood floors. This is one of those types of flooring that is fairly easy to maintain as it is water- and stain-resistant and can give your home a sophisticated look. 

The only factors that can mar the uber-chic look of a bamboo floor are scratches that inevitably find a place on it. Humid weather can cause the bamboo planks to swell, so this flooring type is best used in moderately dry conditions.

Bamboo Flooring Price

Bamboo flooring price in India is ₹150 to ₹300 per sq. ft. and can be laid at a price of ₹80 per sq. ft.

Types of Floors #7: Concrete

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This is one of the most durable flooring options you could choose for the house

Concrete is one of the most common types of flooring in India. Concrete is a man-made concoction of cement, rocks, granite chips and other materials. Flooring done in concrete is strong and probably among the most durable types of flooring.

Concrete flooring is largely damage-resistant, except for slight chipping and scratching due to wear and tear. However, moisture can adversely affect this floor with cracks and craters. Today, concrete flooring varieties are found in a wide range of colours and textures in Indian homes.

Concrete Flooring Price

The concrete flooring cost will majorly depend on its thickness, finish and material composition. You can get it for your home interior at ₹30 to ₹250 per sq. ft.

Types of Flooring in India #8: Laminate

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Laminate is resistant to stains but may need replacement in case of damage

If you are looking for cheap flooring options in India, laminate is a good choice. Laminate flooring is gaining popularity in India for its sheer durability and sturdiness. Easy- to-install laminate flooring is fairly resistant to stains and water damage. However, damage requires complete replacement as it cannot be repolished or redone.

The diversity in the range of patterns and finishes makes this one of the best types of flooring for interiors as it works well with various decor styles in Indian homes. While shopping for laminate flooring, make sure you ask for the ‘slip-resistant’ kind.

Laminate Flooring Price

Laminate tiles are available in such a wide variety that the cost of these tiles can vary from ₹80 to ₹300 per sq. ft. with extra labour charge of ₹40 per sq. ft.

Flooring Options #9: Linoleum

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It is best suited for places at home with low footfall

Amongst different types of flooring, linoleum is an eco-friendly option produced from raw materials like linseed oil, cork, dust and resin. A cost-efficient and highly versatile (in terms of design) flooring option, it’s very popular in Indian homes. However, the soft surface is prone to dents and scratches from careless usage. For such reasons, one should use these types of flooring in areas of the house that see low traffic.

Linoleum Flooring Price

A linoleum floor is priced anywhere between ₹80 to ₹300 per sq. ft. and can be installed at ₹70 per sq. ft.

Different Types of Flooring #10: Terrazzo

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Terrazzo can stand the test of time

Among flooring types worth checking out, terrazzo consists of chips of granite and marble placed in concrete or similar materials. Commonly called ‘mosaic flooring’, these types of flooring are durable enough to stand the test of time. You might remember them from visits to your grandparent’s home, as they were the norm in the decades gone by. Today, these traditional tiles have been reinvented and are now stain-resistant and easy to maintain.

Terrazzo Flooring Price

Terrazzo flooring cost is ₹150 to ₹300 per sq. ft. and the labour charge to lay these tiles is ₹100 to ₹150 per sq. ft.

Types of Flooring #11: Brick

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This is an aesthetically pleasing and low-cost option

Due to its cost-effectiveness, brick flooring options are widely popular in most parts of India. Known for their extraordinary strength, fire-resistance and extensive durability, bricks are also easy to clean. However, brick as a type of flooring option is highly porous and can chip off easily.

One of the types of flooring that is very aesthetically versatile, brick can be laid in different patterns, including staggered, basket weave and other arrangements. This is one of the best options if you are looking for a floor that maintains a moderate temperature and adds a hint of rustic style to your home.

Brick Flooring Price

The cost of this flooring comes at ₹20 to ₹60 per sq. ft. Grouting costs₹30 to ₹60 per area ft. You can get these bricks laid in your home for a labour charge of ₹60 to ₹100 per sq. ft.

Types of Flooring #12: Red Oxide

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This timeless beauty is best suited for tropical climates

A cost-effective flooring option, red oxide flooring is much loved due to its timeless and elegant look. Easy-to-maintain red oxide floors are most popular in warm and tropical climates. In recent years, other shades of red oxide like green, blue, yellow and black are gaining popularity. However, these types of flooring are quite difficult to lay and require skilled masons.

Red Oxide Flooring Price

Red oxide flooring for home interiors generally costs ₹100 to ₹150 per sq. ft.

Room-Wise Suggestions for the Types of Flooring

Living Room Tiling: Marble

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Go for flooring that is modern and easy to maintain

Multiple choices are available when it comes to types of flooring for your living room. Considering this is the space where you entertain friends and family, you should pick flooring that is comfortable and aesthetically pleasing. If you are looking for types of floors for your living room, marble is a good choice. Marble flooring is quite easy to maintain and looks stunning! If you can’t afford marble, you can opt for onyx tiles that look like marble but are more affordable.

Kitchen Flooring: Quartz

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Quartz floors are stain-resistant

Kitchens are one of the most high-traffic zones in your home. Hence, your kitchen flooring should be durable and easy to maintain. Quartz is a great flooring type for kitchens. This is mainly because this non-porous material resists staining, keeping your kitchen clean. Also, quartz floors don’t chip or crack easily, ensuring durability. Linoleum or granite are good types of flooring options for the kitchen.

Bedroom Flooring: Laminate

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Laminate floors are perfect for Indian weather

When it comes to your bedroom flooring, there are myriad options to choose from. Often, people prefer carpets or rugs in their bedroom to enhance the comfort factor. However, if you want a functional option, then laminate is the best flooring for house in India! In India, where several places have extreme summers and winters, these types of flooring options are the best choice as laminates do not expand or contract with temperature changes. And the best part is that laminate is super inexpensive and low maintenance.

Bathroom Flooring: Tiles

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Tiles are water-resistant

It goes without saying that your bathroom flooring should be water-resistant. As such, tiles are the best choice for this space. You can opt for ceramic tiles with a glazed protective layer to prevent water damage. If you are looking for low-cost options, vinyl tiles are the best choice. If you have elderly family members at home, you might consider getting an anti-skid layer on the tiles to prevent accidents.

Types of Flooring: A Summary

TypeDurabilityEasy-to-Maintain
Marble High Yes
Vitrified High Yes
VinylHighNo
HardwoodMediumNo
Granite High Yes
Bamboo High Yes
Concrete High Yes
Laminate High Yes
Linoleum High No
Terrazzo High Yes
Brick High No
Red Oxide High Yes

So the next time you decide to replace your flooring, consider all of these options!

How Can Livspace Help You?

We hope you found our ideas useful! If you want your home to be an elegant and stylish space, then look no further. Book an online consultation with Livspace today.

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FAQs

What Are the Main Types of Flooring?

In India, the main types of flooring are marble, granite, vitrified, ceramic and laminate.

What Is Flooring and Its Types?

Flooring describes the finish material of your floor surface and this material can primarily be a stone, tile, wood, laminate or carpet.

Which Flooring Is the Most Popular?

Marble, granite, ceramic and wooden laminate are the most popular kind of flooring in India.

What Is the Best Flooring for Living Room?

A marble of granite flooring is the best kind of flooring for Indian living rooms.